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Action Research : Model Five

Prepared by

Name: Dil Bahadur KC

The topic of the action research: Reducing the use of Nepali in English classroom.


1.Topic of the action research:

Reducing the use of Nepali in English classroom.


2.Statement of the problem:

English is now the most widely used language all round the world. It is one of the richest languages since it has its wide coverage, rich vocabulary, written literature and high population of its user. So teaching English takes place all over the world. It is one of the major languages studied as a compulsory and as an optional in school and universities of Nepal. Basically most of the government schools of Nepal teach through Nepali medium. It is because English is second or third language for the teachers and the students. Students are normally exposed English only during English class. Moreover most of the English teachers are teaching English through Nepali. So, students are deprived of getting adequate exposure of English language. As a result unwillingness to use English is increasing among students.

In the context of Nepal, reluctance to speak English is a problem commonly found in English language classroom because they have already acquired one or two languages and there is lack of English speaking environment.  Mostly in Government-aided schools or Nepali medium schools of Nepal, it is often felt that teachers and students overuse their mother tongue, in this case most probably the Nepali in English as foreign language classroom. This, in result, minimizes the students exposure to exposure to English. So, students cannot develop good competency of using language. Instead they always feel easy to use Nepali in the classroom and teachers also feel it easy to teach English through Nepali medium.

Many teachers think that it is necessary to use Nepali in the English classroom to explain difficult concepts or ideas to practise the use of some phrases and expressions to present complex grammar points.  Students also use Nepali if they cannot express their problems in English. However, it is also thought that moderate and judicious use of mother tongue aids the teaching and learning of target language. Some studies have shown that learners’ weaknesses and their poor background are responsible factors for using mother tongue in the English class. So, the English teacher should play very effective role to make students able to use basically English language in English classroom.

Mother tongue can also be used to provide a quick and accurate translation of an English word that might take several minutes for the teacher to explain. Sometimes using only English in English class may lead to some problems because there would be no guarantee that learners understand the instructions and explanations correctly and clearly. So I think it is better to encourage learners to use English in English classroom rather than discouraging them for using Nepali.

The issue of mother tongue use in English class was neglected and ignored in the past because it was readily accepted in second language context. The pros and cons did not seem to have been analyzed. But for last three decades there has been growing interest in studying the consequences of mother tongue use in English classroom. Several studies have been carried on the issue of mother tongue use. It is not still clear that whether mother tongue should be used or not. To what extent should we use mother tongue is also very important. If teachers and students use entirely Nepali in English class, students could not develop good communication skills. So we should encourage our students to use English in the class. In most of the schools of Nepal, students use Nepali to ask questions, to discuss with friends, to answer to the questions, to give response in different matter to the teacher in English classroom. So this effort has been done as an action research to reduce the use of Nepali in English classroom.

  1. Objectives of the study

The main objectives of this study were: reduce the over-use of Nepali language in English classroom. find out the solutions of the problem ‘Nepali use in English classroom’. develop willingness among students to use English in English class. increase pass percentage of students.


4. Effects of the problem:

Many students hesitate to speak in English due to pronunciation difficulties, fear of criticism or losing face in the classroom or being laughed at by other students. In Nepalese context students make frequent use of Nepali in large classes. Teachers also find it easy to teach English through Nepali medium. They think that they can make students understand easily through Nepali. Because of lack of exposure, students are not confident enough to use English and they are reluctant to speak English. So students cannot express their views, ideas, or thought through English. If English teacher asks question to them, they try to reply through Nepali. They say that they study English just only to pass examination. They find easy and comfort in using Nepali because they are using Nepali in society which had already been acquired by them. But they study English only during 45 minutes of class of school. Moreover they are not using only English in English period. So, even after learning English as a compulsory subject for many years, they still not able to express their thoughts, and ideas through ............

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