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A model of an action research on''Minimization/reduction of mispronunciation of plural and past morphemes as in their allomorphs''


Action Research Report

Researcher : Devi Bahadur Tamang


School : Ram Secondary School, Leutitar


Address : Phaksib – 1, Dhankuta


Topic : ''Minimization/reduction of mispronunciation of plural and past morphemes as in their allomorphs''


Background:

While teaching as an English teacher, I had got many more responsibilities and hurdles over my head. Among them, one of the main responsibilities is to minimize the mispronunciation of English terms as much as I can. I wanted to make strategies and apply them which might reduce or minimize the mispronunciation of plural and past morphemes viz.'s' and 'ed' as in their allomorphs among the students as well as in teachers too.



A morpheme is realized by various forms depending on the phonetic contexts in which it occurs, or sometimes depending on the peculiar characteristic of a particular word.The plural morpheme denoted by 's' is realized by /s/ in 'cats', /z/ in 'dogs' and /iz/ in 'horses' and likewise past morpheme 'ed' is realized by /t/ in 'cooked', /d/ in 'rubbed' and /id/ or /ed/ in 'wanted'. 

Such variants of a morpheme are called allomorphs.Most of the students of our community based schools have committed errors while using plural and past morphemes in spoken form of language due to misconcept and negligence of pronunciation of their elders or teachers, overgeneralization and lack of phonological rules of allomorphs.


I realized that not only students, we teachers must be aware of phonological rules of language where plural morphemes 's' is pronounced /s/ when the words end in voiceless consonants (/p/,/t/,/k/,/f/ and / ө/) except /s/,/S / and /ʧ/.Similarly, /z/ is pronounced when the words end in vowels and voiced consonants (/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, / ɮ/, / ɧ/, /m/, /n/, /l/, and /r/ ) except /z/, / 3/ and /ʤ / and /iz/ is pronounced when the words end in /s/, /S /, /z/,/3/ and /ʤ /. The past morpheme 'ed' is pronounced /t/ when the terms end in voiceless consonants except /t/ , /d/ is pronounced when the terms end in vowels and voiced consonants except /d/ and /id/ or /ed/ is pronounced when the words end in /t/ and /d/ sounds.


Objectives:

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