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सिक्ने सिकाउने हाम्रो अभियान :-

 As the World Day Against Child Labor is being celebrated in Nepal on June 12, there is a challenge in reducing child labor as expected. This day is celebrated to appeal to governments, employers, labor organizations, civil society, politicians and stakeholders around the world for a concerted effort to protect children. This day has been observed since 2002 at the call of the International Labor Organization (ILO). The goal is to end all forms of child labor by 2025. For which the government and the private sector have done a lot of work in the field of children. However, the suffering, pain and torture of street children, child laborers, child laborers in hotels and restaurants and children working in vehicles have not abated. Although it has been said that no work should be done under duress to affect the children physically and mentally, it has not been implemented in practice. The Child Labor (Prohibition and Regular) Act, 2056 and the Children's Act, 2048 define a child as a child under the age of 16. Similarly, the Civil Rights Act prohibits the employment of minors in factories etc. and prohibits the employment of anyone under the age of 14 in any hazardous work.



Still, the campaign to give children access to schools with love and affection has not been fruitful. Such government campaigns were often seen during the academic year. That too has been halted this year due to the global corona epidemic. On the one hand, there is the problem of keeping students in community and government schools. Even though there is talk of child rights legally, there are still cases of children being physically and mentally tortured due to weak implementation. Physical and mental abuse of children under the age of 16 is a crime, and there is a provision for legal action. The Constitution of Nepal, Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 2056 BS, and the Vehicle and Transport Management Act, 2049 BS have a clear provision that children should not be employed in hazardous work and if they are employed, they will be punished. If any child is found to have been employed as a laborer, they can be rescued by contacting the Child Search Coordination Center at Toll-Free Phone No. 104 or the Child Helpline at Toll-Free Phone No. 1098. UNICEF Nepal has spent crores of rupees from non-governmental organizations to reduce child labor. Although the government has been working with the government and the private sector to ensure the rights of children to education and health, the situation of children who have lost their parents due to poverty, natural calamities and conflicts has not improved.


After the government launched the child labor free transport campaign, the tendency of employing children as co-drivers in vehicles considered as inferior and risky labor-areas has decreased recently. According to government statistics, there are 5,000 children forced to live on the streets in Nepal. Of these, the federal capital Kathmandu Valley alone has an average of 600. The government has also been celebrating National Children's Day. However, no matter how much efforts have been made to control child labor, it has not been reduced. Working children are still working in hotels, lodges, industries, residences of so-called rich people and houses of people's representatives. Although some programs run by INGOs show that child labor has been reduced on paper, the reality is different. From Chitwan's point of view, there are still problems such as children being forced to work in hotels and restaurants, and so-called child-labor-free children moving from one place to another. To build a child-labor-free society, the government must protect the parentless. Poor parents of child laborers should be provided with public awareness as well as income generation. Stakeholders need to regularly monitor children employed at home and in hotels and restaurants under various pretexts.

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